Categories · Threats
With an ever-growing global demand for food, the increased livestock pressures on natural habitats has become particularly damaging. Cattle grazing in traditional forest management systems is practiced in many parts of the world where conifers are a natural forest component.
Negative effects on the forests include selective browsing, soil erosion, depletion of nutrients and compaction of the topsoil. Forest grazing frequently causes slow or no regeneration, poor forest conditions and, in extreme cases, potential ecological disasters. With their ability to climb through trees, goats have a particularly damaging effect on conifers; not only do they browse the foliage but they also strip off the bark. In Mediterranean areas forest restoration of former grazed areas is somewhat complicated in that the ecologist is often faced with the dilema of having to control the biuld up of combustible materials which can become a severe fire risk.
There are 149 taxa in the category – Agriculture and Forestry, Livestock farming/grazing:
Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis
This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events. … Read full species entry >
Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees… Read full species entry >
Abies forrestii var. forrestii
A mid to high altitude fir native to SW China and possibly Myanmar that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened.… Read full species entry >
Abies forrestii var. smithii
A high elevation species endemic to NW Yunnan and possibly extending into SW Sichuan. Listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation.… Read full species entry >
Distributed in three States of eastern USA but as a result of severe infestation from the Balsam woolly adelgid, only one population remains unaffected… Read full species entry >
Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population… Read full species entry >
A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened… Read full species entry >
A narrow endemic native to the Madonie Mountains of Sicily where the entire population consists of only 30 individuals.… Read full species entry >
The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change.… Read full species entry >