The remaining stands of Fraser fir have very limited commercial value as timber trees. The most important use is growing this species for Christmas trees; it is considered the best conifer available in the US for this purpose. It has a natural 'Christmas tree shape' and retains its fragrant, dark green leaves well for this indoor use. It is also widely used as an ornamental tree for gardens with several cultivars named. At least in the UK it does not usually have a very long life as a garden tree
References and further reading
- Beck, D.E. (1991). Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. – Fraser Fir. In: Burns, R. M. and B. H. Honkala (eds), Silvics of North America. Vol. 1. Conifers. USDA Forest Service Agric. Handb. 654. , pp. 47-51. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC.
- DeSelm, H. R. & R.R. Boner. (1984). Understory changes in spruce-fir during the first 16–20 years following the death of fir. In: White, P.S (ed.), Southern Appalachian spruce-fir ecosystem: its biology and threats. Research/Resources Management Report SER-71. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Southeast Region, Atlanta, GA.
- Farjon, A. (2013). Abies fraseri. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 07 July 2013.
- Hay, R.L., Eagar, C.C., & Johnson, K.D. (1978). Fraser fir in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park: its demise by the balsam woolly aphid (Adelges piceae ratz.). Knoxville, TN: Dept. of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries, University of Tennessee. 125p.
- Moore, P.T., H. Van Miegreot & N.S. Nicholas. (2008). Examination of forest recovery scenarios in a southern Appalachian Picea – Abies forest. Forestry 81(2): 183-194.
- Pauley, E. F. Regeneration patterns of Fraser fir on Mt. Collins, Great Smoky Mountains National Park. 15th annual scientific research meeting; May 25-26, 1989; Gatlinburg, TN. In: Wood, J. D., Jr., editor. (1989). U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Southeast Regional Office.
- Witter, J.A. Balsam woolly adelgid and spruce-fir interactions in the southern Appalachian mountains. Society of American Foresters national convention, Oct. 16-19, 1988; Rochester, NY. (1988). p 92-96.
- Zedaker, S.M., Nicholas, N.S., Eagar, C., White, P.S. & Burke, T.E. Stand characteristics associated with potential decline of spruce-fir forests in the southern Appalachians. U.S./F.R.G. research symposium: effects of atmospheric pollution on the spruce-fir forest of the eastern United States and the Federal Republic ofGermany. Oct. 19-23, 1987; Burlington, Vermont. (1988).