Categories · Threats
Non-timber forest products (NTFP) are parts of a tree or forest whose utilisation does not involve harvesting the entire tree. The sustainable use of non-timber products is a contentious issue because of the link to poverty alleviation.
Conifers play an important role in the production of non-timber products. Products include seeds for the horticultural/forestry industries and for local food consumption, bark, resin (and its derivatives), essential oils and fungi harvested from the forest floor. The sustainable commercial and domestic use have the potential of increased incentives for forest conservation. However, there are many examples whereby over-exploitation of non-timber products of conifers have contributed to their demise. Examples include the cutting of foliage and stripping of bark from Taxus species for the production of the anti-cancer drug taxol and the collection of seeds from Araucaria araucana and A. angustifolia for use as a local food.
There are 36 taxa in the category – Direct exploitation, Non-timber products:
Abies guatemalensis var. jaliscana
Formerly known under Abies flinckii, this fir is native to southern Mexico where it is has a long history of exploitation as a valuable timber tree and for charcoal production. … Read full species entry >
Native to Indonesia and the Philippines where it has been over-exploited for its valuable wood and resin.… Read full species entry >
Poorly known species endemic to India where threats include forest clearance for agriculture, logging, firewood collection and infrastructure development… Read full species entry >
Native to Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay where there has been a reduction of 97% over the past 100 years and as a result it is now been assessed as Critically Endangered… Read full species entry >
Endemic to southern Argentina and Chile where it mainly occurs in the Andes. Threats include fire, grazing and encroachment from commercial plantations of exotic species.… Read full species entry >
Restricted to the island of Hainan, China where the main threat has been exploitation of the bark and leaves for the valuable medicinal extracts. Habitat conversion and deforestation are now the most current threats… Read full species entry >
A difficult to identify species that is likely to be widespread in China. Past exploitation for medicinal use and deforestation have resulted in an an assessment of Near Threatened.… Read full species entry >
Widely distributed in China where it has suffered from deforestation for agricultural, logging for timber and fuelwood as well as direct exploitation for its bark and other plant parts.… Read full species entry >
A very widespread species that has been heavily exploited for its valuable and durable timber. Despite legal protection, illegal logging continues to reduce the number of mature trees throughout most of its range.… Read full species entry >