Categories · Threats
The recent surge in the world demand for metals has led to an increase in mining activities. Open-cast mining or strip-mining and its associated activities have the most damaging effect on the environmental.
Conifer-rich forests are widely affected by this type of mining in order to extract a range of metals, including gold and nickel. Perhaps the best example of the damaging effects can clearly be seen on the Pacific island of New Caledonia. Nickel mining started here in 1874 and today it produces between 20-30% of the world۪s nickel deposits. New technologies, which allows extraction of nickel from low-grade deposits that were previously unavailable, is increasing the severity of the damage. Most of the conifers in New Caledonia occur in nickel-rich soils and the worse affected are the Araucarias which are nickel-indicator species. The associated activities of mining such as road building, air and water pollution have further negative effects on conifers and their habitats.
There are 33 taxa in the category – Energy production and Infrastructure development, Mining:
Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees… Read full species entry >
Abies fabri subsp. fabri
Endemic to western Sichuan province in China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing a decline in the population… Read full species entry >
Abies fabri subsp. minensis
Endemic to western Sichuan in China where acid rain is the main present-day threat… Read full species entry >
Endemic to the Chinese province of Guizhou where it is in decline due to acid rain.… Read full species entry >
Abies fargesii var. faxoniana
Distributed in China where in the past logging has reduced the population considerably but acid rain is a present day threat… Read full species entry >
Endemic to humid forests in New Caledonia where it is has a widespread distribution. The population t has been impacted by mining activities and fires.
… Read full species entry >
Endemic to Viti Levu, the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, where it is known from 5 localities with an estimated total population of about 200 individuals… Read full species entry >
One of four Agathis species endemic to New Caledonia where it once had a widespread distribution on the mian island of Grande Terre but is now much reduced due to logging and landuse change.… Read full species entry >
One of four Agathis species endemic to New Caledonia on the main island of Grande Terre where it has become endangered as a result of fire and mining… Read full species entry >