Longleaf pine is an important species providing good quality timber as well as naval stores derived from its resin. It was heavily exploited since Europeans settled in the Coastal Plains and served a major forest industry in the region. Its wood is used for sawlogs, stage flooring, plywood, pulpwood and produces poles, fence posts, and piling as it makes straight stems largely free of branches when grown in closed stands. Turpentine and other chemicals can be distilled from the chipped wood and even stumps of trees are pulled from the soil for this purpose. Longleaf pine is not planted for forestry outside its natural range and it is relatively rare as an amenity tree, mainly confined to coastal areas in the SE of the USA. The species is somewhat difficult to grow through its 'grass stage' to the sapling stage and beyond and needs a protected location in a mild climate
References and further reading
- Burns, R.M. & Honkala, B.H. (1990). Silvics of North America. USDA, Forest Service, Washington, DC.
- Farjon, A. (2010). A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
- Farjon, A. (2013). Pinus palustris. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 13 July 2013.
- Gilliam, F. S. & W. J. Platt. (2006). Conservation and restoration of the Pinus palustris ecosystem. Appl. Veg. Sci. 9: 7-10.
- Oswalt, C. M., J. A. Cooper, D. G. Brockway, H. W. Brooks, J. L. Walker, K. F. Connor, S. N. Oswalt, and R. C. Conner. 2012. “History and Current Condition of Longleaf Pine in the Southern United States.” USDA Forest Service General Technical Report SRS-1666. 51pp.