Tree to 30m tall, dbh upto 1m; crown narrowly conical. Bark in old trees scaly and fissured. Branches spreading horizontally, the upper ascending, young shoots hairy. Vegetative buds ovoid conical, acute, 3–4 x 2–3mm, not resinous.
Leaves spirally arranged, forward pointing, parted below the shoot, 25–40 x 1.5–1.8mm, twisted and abruptly narrowed at base, linear, flattened, bright green or glaucous above, greenish white with green midrib below; apex obtuse or slightly notched. Stomata in two broad bands below.
Male cones lateral, axillary, 1–1.5cm long, yellowish with red microsporophylls. Female cones lateral, erect, cylindrical, 16–20 x 4–6cm, greenish when immature, reddish brown and brown when mature, often resinous. Seed scales included (rarely exserted). Seeds obovate -triangular, 10–12 x 5mm, light brown; seed wings cuneate, light brown
The non-resinous vegetative buds and the hairy young shoots distinguish this from A. cilicica subsp. isaurica. These minor and sometimes variable differences have led some to believe that these two taxa belong to the same species.
References and further reading
- Atalay, I. and Efe R. (2010). Structural and distributional evaluation of forest ecosystems in Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology. 31: 61-70.
- Beals E.W. (1965). The remnant cedar forests of Lebanon. Journal of Ecology. 53: 679–694.
- Bozkus, F. (1988). The Natural Distribution and Silvicultural Characteristics of Abies cilicica Carr. in Turkey. PhD Thesis. Istanbul University..
- Browicz, K. (1982). Chorology of trees and shrubs in south-west Asia and adjacent regions. Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsawa.
- Davis, P.H. (ed). (1965). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol.1. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
- Gardner, M. & Knees, S. (2013). Abies cilicica ssp. cilicica In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 07 July 2013.
- Government of Syria. (1995). Syria: Country Report to the FAO International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources. Damascus.
- Kaya, Z. and Raynal, D.J. (2001). Biodiversity and conservation of Turkish forests. Biological Conservation. 97: 131-141.
- Ozturk, M., Gucel, S., Kucuk, M. and Sakcali, S. (2010). Forest diversity, climate change and forest fires in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology. 31: 1-9.
- Rolley, J. (1948). Forest conditions in Syria and Lebanon. Unasylva 2(2): 77-80.