The Flora of China recognises two additional varieties [var. cyclolepis (Flous) Silba and var. oblonga (W. C. Cheng & L. K. Fu) L. K. Fu & Nan Li] based on leaf sacr charatcers and small variations in shape and thickness of cone scale. These are not recognised on the IUCN Redlist.
The wood of this species is used locally for construction and firewood. It is quite commonly planted in China, but rare in cultivation elsewhere