The West Africa Threatened Conifer Region is limited to the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe and Cameroon. The region has only two conifer species, namely Podocarpus milanjianus from the upper limits of the sub-montane forests of Cameroon which represents a disjunct west African distribution for the species and Afrocarpus mannii which occurs on the island of São Tomé. Afrocarpus mannii, the only threatened conifer in the Region, occurs on the volcanic island of São Tomé which is located in the Gulf of Guinea about 300 kilometres off the northwest coast of Gabon. The island forms part of the Cameroon volcanic mountain line, a 1000km long chain of volcanoes which includes islands in the Gulf of Guinea and mountains that extend along the border region of eastern Nigeria and western Cameroon. The mountainous island of São Tomé is 50 x 30km with the volcano Pico de São Tomé being the highest peak (2142m) where Afrocarpus mannii occurs. The main threat in this Region is from deforestation for oil palm plantations and subsistence farming.
Endemic to the west central African country of São Tomé and Príncipe where it occurs on a single mountain on São Tomé. Here it is threatened by deforestation. Read full species entry >