Taiwan

The Indochina Threatened Conifer Region focuses on mainland Southeast Asia and includes Myanmar, Thailand (as far south as the Isthmus of Kra), Lao PDR, Cambodia and Việt Nam. Central physical features of this area include the Annamite Mountains that form the border between Lao PDR and Việt Nam, the Hoang Lien Mountains in northwestern Việt Nam and the extensive karst limestone areas of northern Việt Nam and the adjoining areas of China. Climates are variable depending on altitude and distance from the coast with some areas experiencing subtropical climates with distinct wet and dry seasons while others are more seasonal. Vegetation types range from subtropical evergreen forests to subalpine bogs and meadows. The conifer flora is very diverse with at least 15 genera and 35 species present. Almost one third are endemic and at least 20 are globally threatened. Notable endemic species include Pinus krempfii and Xanthocyparis vietnamensis. Several taxa are represented by small disjunct subpopulations with the main populations found in other Regions, sometimes at considerable distances. Principal threats in this region include conversion of forests for agriculture, forestry and urbanisation, overexploitation for timber, illegal logging and wildfires.

Taxa in the category - Taiwan:

Page 1 of 3 pages  1 2 3 > 
 world map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Abies kawakamii (Hayata) T.Itô

A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened Read full species entry >

Mature cones
 world map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Amentotaxus formosana H.L.Li

Restricted to four locations in southern Taiwan where historically the conversion of native forest to conifer plantations has been the main threat Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Calocedrus formosana (Florin) Florin

Endemic to Taiwan where the population has become severely fragmented through logging and forest clearance for agriculture. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. wilsoniana (Hayata) Kitam.

Endemic to Taiwan where logging and the the conversion of native forest to Cryptomeria japonica plantation has caused a decline in the population. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum.

Endemic to Taiwan where logging for its valuable wood has been the main cause of decline in its population Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Chamaecyparis obtusa var. formosana (Hayata) Hayata

Endemic to Taiwan where historically widespread logging has seriously depleted the population Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Indochina on map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Cunninghamia konishii Hayata

A fast growing tree that is disjunctly distributed in Taiwan and along part of the border between Lao PDR and Việt Nam.  In the recent past it has been heavily exploited throughout most parts of its range: logging continues in Lao PDR.  Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Keteleeria davidiana var. formosana

Restricted to Taiwan where there are only a few subpopulations that are in decline due to logging and expansion of agriculture and urban areas Read full species entry >

Page 1 of 3 pages  1 2 3 >