Taiwan

Direct exploitation occurs through general logging (deforestation), selective logging or the use of forest non-timber products (FNTP’s). General logging is the biggest threat to conifer species whereby forest habitats are often replaced by plantations, settlements or agricultural land. Selective logging involves the removal of individual tree species for their valuable timber, for charcoal production or fire wood. This practise is often considered to be a sustainable alternative to clear-cutting however, for every tree removed 30 more will become severely damaged because the practise of selective logging is inherently destructive. Conifers play an important role in the production of non-timber products, one example is the use of the foliage and bark of Taxus species for the production of the anti-cancer drug taxol. Although over-exploitation can lead to local extinction, the sustainable commercial and domestic use have the potential of increased incentives for forest conservation.

Fitzroya cupressoides

Fitzroya cupressoides© M.Gardner, RBGE

Taxa in the category - Taiwan:

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Abies kawakamii (Hayata) T.Itô

A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened Read full species entry >

Mature cones
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Amentotaxus formosana H.L.Li

Restricted to four locations in southern Taiwan where historically the conversion of native forest to conifer plantations has been the main threat Read full species entry >

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Calocedrus formosana (Florin) Florin

Endemic to Taiwan where the population has become severely fragmented through logging and forest clearance for agriculture. Read full species entry >

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Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. wilsoniana (Hayata) Kitam.

Endemic to Taiwan where logging and the the conversion of native forest to Cryptomeria japonica plantation has caused a decline in the population. Read full species entry >

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Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum.

Endemic to Taiwan where logging for its valuable wood has been the main cause of decline in its population Read full species entry >

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Chamaecyparis obtusa var. formosana (Hayata) Hayata

Endemic to Taiwan where historically widespread logging has seriously depleted the population Read full species entry >

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Cunninghamia konishii Hayata

A fast growing tree that is disjunctly distributed in Taiwan and along part of the border between Lao PDR and Việt Nam.  In the recent past it has been heavily exploited throughout most parts of its range: logging continues in Lao PDR.  Read full species entry >

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Keteleeria davidiana var. formosana

Restricted to Taiwan where there are only a few subpopulations that are in decline due to logging and expansion of agriculture and urban areas Read full species entry >

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