Taiwan

The Taiwan Threatened Conifer Region is a mountainous island that is located ca 200km off the coast of China. The granite mountains rise steeply on the eastern slopes to almost 4000m at the summit of Mt Yushan. Most of the island comprises of subtropical evergreen forest dominated by broadleaved species; however, with a rise in elevation, this forest type is gradually replaced by conifers and deciduous hardwoods. Taiwan has a tropical monsoon climate with a mean annual temperature of 22۫ C and a precipitation pattern which varies throughout the length of island. In general, the eastern slopes of the island receive the most rain, up to 6000mm annually; while the western plains receive only about 1500mm. Taiwan is subject to intense typhoons, especially on the eastern seaboard. Most of the island's 26 conifers species occur at higher altitudes at 2000m and above. Currently sixteen species are threatened mainly as a result of forest clearance for commercial plantations and agriculture

Taxa in the category - Taiwan:

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Picea morrisonicola Hayata

Endemic to the higher altitudes of central Taiwan where historic exploitation of old-growth forests for timber has reduced the population considerably. Climate change is a likely threat. It is the southernmost member of the genus. Read full species entry >

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Pinus armandii var. mastersiana (Hayata) Hayata

Endemic to two mountain ranges in Taiwan where over-exploitation for its high quality wood has depleted the populaton considerably Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus costalis C.Presl

Distributed in the Philippines and Taiwan where it is restricted to as few as five localities; it is in decline because of plants being taken from the wild for horticultural use Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus fasciculus de Laub.

Distributed in several islands of the Ryukyu Islands of Japan and in Taiwan; threats including selective logging and forest clearance for agricultural purposes. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus nakaii Hayata

Endemic to Taiwan where historically it has suffered greatly from general deforestation and more recently there has been removal of mature trees for horticultural use. Read full species entry >

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Pseudotsuga sinensis Dode

In China and Việt Nam this species is threatened due to logging and habitat loss as a result of forest clearance for agriculture and grazing Read full species entry >

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Pseudotsuga sinensis var. sinensis

In China and Việt Nam this variety is threatened due to logging and habitat loss as a result of forest clearance for agriculture and grazing. Read full species entry >

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