Southwest Pacific

Here human intrusions includes recreational activities and civil unrest. Although recreational activities can have very positive effects on biodiversity by providing much-needed income for protected areas, they can have a negative impact if not managed effectively. For example, intensive recreational facilities such as campgrounds often result in the removal of the local vegetation a fuel wood for camp fires. Because conifers are a common component in mountainous regions where they often dominate, they are particularly vulnerable to the development of winter sport activities such as ski resorts.  Over 90% of the major armed conflicts between 1950 and 2000 occurred within countries containing biodiversity hotspots, and more than 80% took place directly within hotspot areas. Civil unrest can have a serious negative impact on biodiversity.  The Việt Nam war used poisonous Agent Orange as an aerial forest defoliant in which 14% of the forest cover was affected.

Taxa in the category - Southwest Pacific:

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Acmopyle sahniana J.Buchholz & N.E.Gray

Endemic to Viti Levu, the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, where it is known from 5 localities with an estimated total population of about 200 individuals Read full species entry >

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Agathis lanceolata (Lindl. ex Sebert & Pancher) Warb.

One of four species of Agathis endemic to New Caledonia, where threats such as selective logging, fire and land clearance have caused serious fragmentation. Read full species entry >

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Agathis macrophylla Mast.

Native to the southwestern Pacific Ocean in  Fiji, Vanuatu, and the Solomon Islands where it is threatened by selective logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Agathis montana de laub.

Endemic to the Mt. Panié range in northern New Caledonia where recent research has found that the decline and loss of old-growth trees is probably due to a combination of factors including root damage by feral pigs, pathogen attack and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Agathis moorei (Lindl.) Mast.

One of four Agathis species endemic to New Caledonia where it once had a widespread distribution on the mian island of Grande Terre but is now much reduced due to logging and landuse change. Read full species entry >

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Agathis ovata (Moore ex Veill.) Warb.

One of four Agathis species endemic to New Caledonia on the main island of Grande Terre where it has become endangered as a result of fire and mining Read full species entry >

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Agathis silbae de Laub.

Endemic to Vanuatu where, although it is not directly threatened, the population is small with perhaps less than 1000 mature individuals. Read full species entry >

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Araucaria bernieri J.Buchholz

One of 13 species of Araucaria endemic to New Caledonia where it occurs on the main island of Grande Terre. It has become much reduced due to logging but present-day threats include fire and mining activities. Read full species entry >

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