Southwest Pacific

Energy production and infrastructure development can have a severe detrimental effect on conifer habitats.  A recent surge in the global demand for metals has led to an increase in mining activities with open-cast mining or strip-mining and its associated activities causing severe environmental damage.  Conifer-rich forests are often affected by this type of mining for example, nickel mining on the Pacific island of New Caledonia. Hydroelectric schemes often cause habitat loss due to forest inundation or indirectly by the loss of downstream habitats through changes in water levels.  Over the past 100 years hydroelectric schemes are responsible for a 15% habitat loss of Lagarostrobos franklinii forest in Tasmania.  Logging activities invariably start with the construction of roads in order to gain access to timber and this can include up to 15% of the consumed logged area. This intrusion is often devastating, opening up the area for further development and as communities grow more infrastructure and services are required.

Taxa in the category - Southwest Pacific:

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Acmopyle sahniana J.Buchholz & N.E.Gray

Endemic to Viti Levu, the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, where it is known from 5 localities with an estimated total population of about 200 individuals Read full species entry >

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Agathis lanceolata (Lindl. ex Sebert & Pancher) Warb.

One of four species of Agathis endemic to New Caledonia, where threats such as selective logging, fire and land clearance have caused serious fragmentation. Read full species entry >

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Agathis macrophylla Mast.

Native to the southwestern Pacific Ocean in  Fiji, Vanuatu, and the Solomon Islands where it is threatened by selective logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Agathis montana de laub.

Endemic to the Mt. Panié range in northern New Caledonia where recent research has found that the decline and loss of old-growth trees is probably due to a combination of factors including root damage by feral pigs, pathogen attack and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Agathis moorei (Lindl.) Mast.

One of four Agathis species endemic to New Caledonia where it once had a widespread distribution on the mian island of Grande Terre but is now much reduced due to logging and landuse change. Read full species entry >

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Agathis ovata (Moore ex Veill.) Warb.

One of four Agathis species endemic to New Caledonia on the main island of Grande Terre where it has become endangered as a result of fire and mining Read full species entry >

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Agathis silbae de Laub.

Endemic to Vanuatu where, although it is not directly threatened, the population is small with perhaps less than 1000 mature individuals. Read full species entry >

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Araucaria bernieri J.Buchholz

One of 13 species of Araucaria endemic to New Caledonia where it occurs on the main island of Grande Terre. It has become much reduced due to logging but present-day threats include fire and mining activities. Read full species entry >

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