Southwest Pacific

Direct exploitation occurs through general logging (deforestation), selective logging or the use of forest non-timber products (FNTP’s). General logging is the biggest threat to conifer species whereby forest habitats are often replaced by plantations, settlements or agricultural land. Selective logging involves the removal of individual tree species for their valuable timber, for charcoal production or fire wood. This practise is often considered to be a sustainable alternative to clear-cutting however, for every tree removed 30 more will become severely damaged because the practise of selective logging is inherently destructive. Conifers play an important role in the production of non-timber products, one example is the use of the foliage and bark of Taxus species for the production of the anti-cancer drug taxol. Although over-exploitation can lead to local extinction, the sustainable commercial and domestic use have the potential of increased incentives for forest conservation.

Fitzroya cupressoides

Fitzroya cupressoides© M.Gardner, RBGE

Taxa in the category - Southwest Pacific:

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Acmopyle sahniana J.Buchholz & N.E.Gray

Endemic to Viti Levu, the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, where it is known from 5 localities with an estimated total population of about 200 individuals Read full species entry >

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Agathis lanceolata (Lindl. ex Sebert & Pancher) Warb.

One of four species of Agathis endemic to New Caledonia, where threats such as selective logging, fire and land clearance have caused serious fragmentation. Read full species entry >

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Agathis macrophylla Mast.

Native to the southwestern Pacific Ocean in  Fiji, Vanuatu, and the Solomon Islands where it is threatened by selective logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Agathis montana de laub.

Endemic to the Mt. Panié range in northern New Caledonia where recent research has found that the decline and loss of old-growth trees is probably due to a combination of factors including root damage by feral pigs, pathogen attack and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Agathis moorei (Lindl.) Mast.

One of four Agathis species endemic to New Caledonia where it once had a widespread distribution on the mian island of Grande Terre but is now much reduced due to logging and landuse change. Read full species entry >

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Agathis ovata (Moore ex Veill.) Warb.

One of four Agathis species endemic to New Caledonia on the main island of Grande Terre where it has become endangered as a result of fire and mining Read full species entry >

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Agathis silbae de Laub.

Endemic to Vanuatu where, although it is not directly threatened, the population is small with perhaps less than 1000 mature individuals. Read full species entry >

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Araucaria bernieri J.Buchholz

One of 13 species of Araucaria endemic to New Caledonia where it occurs on the main island of Grande Terre. It has become much reduced due to logging but present-day threats include fire and mining activities. Read full species entry >

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