Southern Mesoamerica

Direct exploitation occurs through general logging (deforestation), selective logging or the use of forest non-timber products (FNTP’s). General logging is the biggest threat to conifer species whereby forest habitats are often replaced by plantations, settlements or agricultural land. Selective logging involves the removal of individual tree species for their valuable timber, for charcoal production or fire wood. This practise is often considered to be a sustainable alternative to clear-cutting however, for every tree removed 30 more will become severely damaged because the practise of selective logging is inherently destructive. Conifers play an important role in the production of non-timber products, one example is the use of the foliage and bark of Taxus species for the production of the anti-cancer drug taxol. Although over-exploitation can lead to local extinction, the sustainable commercial and domestic use have the potential of increased incentives for forest conservation.

Fitzroya cupressoides

Fitzroya cupressoides© M.Gardner, RBGE

Taxa in the category - Southern Mesoamerica:

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Abies hickelii Flous & Gaussen

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii var. hickelii

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii var. oaxacana (Martínez) Farjon & Silba

Endemic to southwestern Mexico where deforestation is a major threat Read full species entry >

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Juniperus standleyi Steyerm.

Distributed in southern Mexico and northern Guatemala where clearance for agricultural purposes and logging is a threat Read full species entry >

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Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen

Distributed in southern Mexico and Guatemala where it has been logged and forests have been converted for agricultural use. On the IUCN Redlist, this species is listed as a variety of Pinus strobus L. Read full species entry >

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Pinus tecunumanii F.Schwerdtf. ex Eguiluz & J.P.Perry

Has a scattered distribution in Central America where it is threatened by logging, forest clearance, fire and grazing Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus costaricensis de Laub.

This species is limited to four locations in Costa Rica and has seen a decline because of deforestation and changes in land use. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus matudae Lundell

A widespread species in Central America, however, most forests are under pressure from logging, deforestation, habitat degradation. Read full species entry >

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