Southern Mesoamerica

The Southern Mesoamerica Threatened Conifer Region extends from Guatemala and Belize southwards as far as the border between Panama and Colombia. Climates vary from warm, wet subtropical and tropical in the lowlands to cool and wet in the montane areas. For the conifers, it is an area of transition with major genera such as Abies, Cupressus, Juniperus and Pinus reaching their southern most distribution and where essentially southern hemisphere genera such as Podocarpus and Prumnopitys start become increasingly more frequent. Levels of endemism are relatively low. The majority of threatened species occur in biodiverse cloud forests especially at higher elevations in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras where subpopulations tend to be small or localised. Major threats include small and large scale logging, the conversion of forests for agriculture and grazing as well as over harvesting for Christmas trees.

Taxa in the category - Southern Mesoamerica:

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Abies hickelii Flous & Gaussen

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii var. hickelii

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii var. oaxacana (Martínez) Farjon & Silba

Endemic to southwestern Mexico where deforestation is a major threat Read full species entry >

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Juniperus standleyi Steyerm.

Distributed in southern Mexico and northern Guatemala where clearance for agricultural purposes and logging is a threat Read full species entry >

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Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen

Distributed in southern Mexico and Guatemala where it has been logged and forests have been converted for agricultural use. On the IUCN Redlist, this species is listed as a variety of Pinus strobus L. Read full species entry >

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Pinus tecunumanii F.Schwerdtf. ex Eguiluz & J.P.Perry

Has a scattered distribution in Central America where it is threatened by logging, forest clearance, fire and grazing Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus costaricensis de Laub.

This species is limited to four locations in Costa Rica and has seen a decline because of deforestation and changes in land use. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus matudae Lundell

A widespread species in Central America, however, most forests are under pressure from logging, deforestation, habitat degradation. Read full species entry >

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