Southern Africa and Madagascar

Energy production and infrastructure development can have a severe detrimental effect on conifer habitats.  A recent surge in the global demand for metals has led to an increase in mining activities with open-cast mining or strip-mining and its associated activities causing severe environmental damage.  Conifer-rich forests are often affected by this type of mining for example, nickel mining on the Pacific island of New Caledonia. Hydroelectric schemes often cause habitat loss due to forest inundation or indirectly by the loss of downstream habitats through changes in water levels.  Over the past 100 years hydroelectric schemes are responsible for a 15% habitat loss of Lagarostrobos franklinii forest in Tasmania.  Logging activities invariably start with the construction of roads in order to gain access to timber and this can include up to 15% of the consumed logged area. This intrusion is often devastating, opening up the area for further development and as communities grow more infrastructure and services are required.

Taxa in the category - Southern Africa and Madagascar:

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Podocarpus capuronii de Laub.

One of five threatened species of Podocarpus endemic to Madagascar where threats include deforestation, cutting for firewood, fires and grazing. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus henkelii Stapf ex Dallim. & A.B.Jacks.

Occurs in South Africa, Malawi,Tanzania and Zimbabwe where logging for its valuable wood and deforestation threaten it. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus humbertii de Laub.

One of five threatened species of Podocarpus endemic to Madagascar where it is has a fragmented distribution due to grazing and habitat degredation.     Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus madagascariensis var. procerus ( de Laub. ) Silba

One of five threatened species of Podocarpus endemic to Madagascar and because of ongoing logging and deforestation it now has a very restricted area of occupancy. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus perrieri Gaussen & Woltz

One of five threatened Podocarpus species endemic to Madagascar where it has been severely impacted by deforestation Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus rostratus M.Laurent

One of five Podocarpus species endemic to Madagascar and only known from three highly disjunct localities where deforestation, grazing and fire have had major impacts Read full species entry >

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Widdringtonia cedarbergensis J.A.Marsh

Endemic to South Africa where historical exploitation for its valuable timber and more recently fire have greatly reduced the population Read full species entry >

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Widdringtonia schwarzii (Marloth) Mast.

Endemic to the eastern Cape Province of South Africa where past over-exploitation has greatly reduced the population; today the major threats include wildfires Read full species entry >

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