The Southeastern Brazil Threatened Conifer Region includes the Atlantic forest area on the eastern seaboard and the subtropical forests of southeastern Brazil and adjoining Argentina and Paraguay. The once vast area of Atlantic forest has now been reduced by over 85% and today the region is home to 133 million people that equates to 70% of the country’s population and includes the sprawling cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. Even as a result of this dramatic loss it remains one of the most diverse forests in the world. This Region contains only four conifers - Podocarpus lambertii is Near Threatened while P. sellowii (with its two varieties) and P. transiens are listed as Endangered as a result of deforestation, urbanisation, fire and grazing. The most notable conifer in the Region is Araucaria angustifolia, which has its main distribution is southeastern Brazil with remnant stands in neighbouring parts of Argentina and Paraguay. Of all the conifers in the Region this species has suffered the greatest loss of 97% over a period of100 years. Most of the loss of this important timber species is due to massive exploitation since the beginning of the 20th century.
Native to Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay where there has been a reduction of 97% over the past 100 years and as a result it is now been assessed as Critically Endangered Read full species entry >
Endemic to the coastal forests of southern Brazil where deforestation is a major threat Read full species entry >
Endemic to eastern Brazil where it is only known from two localities and is threatened due to deforestation which has caused severe fragmentation Read full species entry >
Native to Brazil where degradation of its habitat and tree cutting for firewood are causing decline of this species; fire and grazing of domestic animals are also a major threat. Read full species entry >