Residential and commercial development

The Northern Africa and Spain Threatened Conifer Region includes high mountain ranges in Algeria, Morocco and Spain covered in humid forests and has a climatic biseasonality with dry and hot summers, moist, cool autumns and cold winters. In the Baetic Cordillera of Spain, the Rif Mountains of Morocco and the Djebel Babor Mountains of northern Algeria, forests are characterized by containing Abies, Cedrus and Pinus species together with Taxus baccata. However, the main distribution of Cedrus atlantica is in the Atlas Mountains and in the central and eastern coastal mountains of Algeria. Included in the Region is the Tassili N'Ajjer mountain range in the Saharan Desert of south-east Algeria. This habitat is the driest recorded for any conifer species and is the habitat for Cupressus dupreziana var. dupreziana; here there is virtually no associated vegetation. Throughout the region the forested habitats are under continuous threat and have become degraded or even lost due to fire, overgrazing, road construction, tourism, land clearing for agriculture and firewood collection. Currently ten conifer taxa are globally threatened in this region.

Taxa in the category - Residential and commercial development:

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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Amentotaxus argotaenia (Hance) Pilg

A widespread species that only ever occurs in small isolated populations. It is currently assessed as Near Threatened due to range wide deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Amentotaxus assamica D.K.Ferguson

Poorly known species endemic to India where threats include forest clearance for agriculture, logging, firewood collection and infrastructure development Read full species entry >

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Calocedrus macrolepis Kurz

A widespread species that has been exploited for timber and resin. Difficulties in estimating the extent of its decline and a lack of information about its staus is some parts of its range have resulted in an assessment of Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

Foliage
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Cedrus libani A.Rich.

Native to mountains adjacent to the north-eastern Mediterranean coast in Turkey, Syria and Lebanon. Threats include pathogens, fire, urbanisation, selective felling, activities associated with winter sports and grazing. Read full species entry >

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Cephalotaxus hainanensis H.L.Li

Restricted to the island of Hainan, China where the main threat has been exploitation of the bark and leaves for the valuable medicinal extracts. Habitat conversion and deforestation are now the most current threats Read full species entry >

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