Residential and commercial development

The Japan, Korea and Far Eastern Asia Threatened Conifer Region includes Japan, the Korean peninsular, some of northeastern China  and parts of the Russian Far East. The climate is predominantly warm or cool temperate with temperate rainforests forming in wetter areas. In a few areas such as Yakushima off the southern coast of Japan, climates are more humid and subtropical.  Typhoons, earthquakes and volcanic activity have a significant influence. In this region Japan has the greatest diversity of conifers, with several endemic species and one endemic genus. This may be due to the existence of several refugial areas where conifers survived the Pleistocene glaciations. While diversity may be lower on the mainland, forests tend to be more extensive. Although only eight taxa have been assessed as threatened, eleven others are regarded as being Near Threatened. Principal threats include past and ongoing logging, especially on the mainland, exotic insect pests and air pollution.

Taxa in the category - Residential and commercial development:

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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Amentotaxus argotaenia (Hance) Pilg

A widespread species that only ever occurs in small isolated populations. It is currently assessed as Near Threatened due to range wide deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Amentotaxus assamica D.K.Ferguson

Poorly known species endemic to India where threats include forest clearance for agriculture, logging, firewood collection and infrastructure development Read full species entry >

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Calocedrus macrolepis Kurz

A widespread species that has been exploited for timber and resin. Difficulties in estimating the extent of its decline and a lack of information about its staus is some parts of its range have resulted in an assessment of Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

Foliage
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Cedrus libani A.Rich.

Native to mountains adjacent to the north-eastern Mediterranean coast in Turkey, Syria and Lebanon. Threats include pathogens, fire, urbanisation, selective felling, activities associated with winter sports and grazing. Read full species entry >

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Cephalotaxus hainanensis H.L.Li

Restricted to the island of Hainan, China where the main threat has been exploitation of the bark and leaves for the valuable medicinal extracts. Habitat conversion and deforestation are now the most current threats Read full species entry >

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