Podocarpaceae

The Southern Africa and Madagascar Threatened Conifer Region only includes conifers from the families Podocarpaceae and Cupressaceae. Apart from a few remnant coastal forests with Afrocarpus falcatus in South Africa and Mozambique, the conifers are mostly restricted to highland Afromontane areas, characterized by a patchy mosaic of forest and grassland. At mid elevations the subtropical forests consist of a mixture of angiosperm and Podocarps while at higher altitudes the forest is Podocarp dominant. Seventeen conifer taxa are found in this region, nine of which are currently globally threatened. In Madagascar there are seven endemic conifer taxa, five of which are threatened and all restricted to tropical montane forest of which more than 90% has been lost. On the mainland, the four species of Widdringtonia (Cupressaceae) occur at mid to high elevations on steep rocky slopes or in Afromontane forests. Two of these are threatened and one is Near Threatened. Threats in this conifer region include fire (especially for three of the four Widdringtonias) deforestation and grazing. In Madagascar forest loss is due to slash-and-burn, selective logging and overgrazing.

Taxa in the category - Podocarpaceae:

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Acmopyle sahniana J.Buchholz & N.E.Gray

Endemic to Viti Levu, the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, where it is known from 5 localities with an estimated total population of about 200 individuals Read full species entry >

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Afrocarpus mannii (Hook.) C.N.Page

Endemic to the west central African country of São Tomé and Príncipe where it occurs on a single mountain on São Tomé. Here it is threatened by deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Afrocarpus usambarensis (Pilg.) C.N.Page

Occurs in Tanzania and Kenya where it is under severe threat from illegal logging for its extremely valuable wood; fire is also a threat. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium comosum Corner

Only found in five localities in Peninsular Malaysia where the main threats are fire and tourism Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium gracile de Laub.

Native to Malaysia but restricted to a few locations in Sabah and Sarawak where the main threat is from selective logging. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium guillauminii J.Buchholz

One of four species of Dacrydium endemic to New Caledonia where it has an extremely restricted distribution and is Critically Endangered due to fire, tourism and flooding. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium leptophyllum (Wasscher) de Laub.

Only found on a single mountain in Irian Jaya in Indonesia where there are less than 1000 mature individuals Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium medium de Laub.

Native to Peninsular Malaysia and north Sumatera and threatened by fire and tourism. Read full species entry >

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