Pinaceae

The Japan, Korea and Far Eastern Asia Threatened Conifer Region includes Japan, the Korean peninsular, some of northeastern China  and parts of the Russian Far East. The climate is predominantly warm or cool temperate with temperate rainforests forming in wetter areas. In a few areas such as Yakushima off the southern coast of Japan, climates are more humid and subtropical.  Typhoons, earthquakes and volcanic activity have a significant influence. In this region Japan has the greatest diversity of conifers, with several endemic species and one endemic genus. This may be due to the existence of several refugial areas where conifers survived the Pleistocene glaciations. While diversity may be lower on the mainland, forests tend to be more extensive. Although only eight taxa have been assessed as threatened, eleven others are regarded as being Near Threatened. Principal threats include past and ongoing logging, especially on the mainland, exotic insect pests and air pollution.

Taxa in the category - Pinaceae:

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Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu

Endemic to eastern China in Zhejiang Province where only a handful of mature individuals survive Read full species entry >

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Abies cilicica subsp. cilicica

Endemic to the mountains adjacent to the north-eastern Mediterranean coast where globally it is Near Threatened but Endangered at a national level in Syria and Lebanon Read full species entry >

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Abies cilicica subsp. isaurica Coode & Cullen

One of five species of firs native to Turkey where it has a restricted distribution in the Taurus Mountains. It is threatened by habitat degradation due to the effects of climate change, pathogen attack and fire. Read full species entry >

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies delavayi var. nukiangensis (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Farjon & Silba

Mainly found in the remote mountain ranges of southwestern China and northeast Myanmar where logging has had some impact. It is listed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. fabri

Endemic to western Sichuan province in China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. minensis (Bordères & Gaussen) Rushforth

Endemic to western Sichuan in China where acid rain is the main present-day threat Read full species entry >

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