Malesiana

The negative impacts of residential and commercial development on conifers is so severe that it has led to conifer species becoming Critically Endangered. Ironically, the very system put in place to protect biodiversty, such as national parks, can have a negative impact on biodiversity. Here the most detrimental impacts can be from the visiting public by bringing an increased risk of fire and the introduction of harmful pests and diseases. As a result of an explosive growth rates in the human population over the last 50 years there has been a steady drift of people from the city centres into urban areas. It is estimated that 60% of the Earth's population will live in urban areas by 2030. Hence these increasing population densities and mounting development pressures are causing large tracks of land in the immediate surroundings of urban areas undergoing a process of what is known as urbanisation. This phenomenon directly alters forest ecosystems by removing or fragmenting forest cover. It indirectly alters forest ecosystems by modifying hydrology, altering nutrient cycling, modifying disturbance regimes, and changing atmospheric conditions. 

<em>Tetraclinis articulata</em>, Malta

Tetraclinis articulata, Malta© M.Gardner, RBGE

Taxa in the category - Malesiana:

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Agathis borneensis Warb.

Native to South-east Asia where it has become Endangered due to deforestation and selective logging for its highly prized wood. Read full species entry >

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Agathis dammara (Lam.) Rich. & A. Rich.

Native to Indonesia and the Philippines where it has been over-exploited for its valuable wood and resin. Read full species entry >

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Agathis flavescens Ridl.

Only known from two mountains in Peninsular Malaysia where the total population is thought to be less than 1000 mature individuals. Read full species entry >

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Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub.

Restricted to just two mountains in Sabah and Sarawak where there is some evidence of logging and forest clearance Read full species entry >

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Agathis lenticula de Laub.

Endemic to Malaysia where it has a very narrow range in Sabah and Sarawak. It has been over-exploited for its valuable wood Read full species entry >

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Agathis orbicula de.Laub.

Native to Indonesia  and Malaysia where it is threatened due to logging for its highly prized wood. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium comosum Corner

Only found in five localities in Peninsular Malaysia where the main threats are fire and tourism Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium gracile de Laub.

Native to Malaysia but restricted to a few locations in Sabah and Sarawak where the main threat is from selective logging. Read full species entry >

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