Malesiana

Direct exploitation occurs through general logging (deforestation), selective logging or the use of forest non-timber products (FNTP’s). General logging is the biggest threat to conifer species whereby forest habitats are often replaced by plantations, settlements or agricultural land. Selective logging involves the removal of individual tree species for their valuable timber, for charcoal production or fire wood. This practise is often considered to be a sustainable alternative to clear-cutting however, for every tree removed 30 more will become severely damaged because the practise of selective logging is inherently destructive. Conifers play an important role in the production of non-timber products, one example is the use of the foliage and bark of Taxus species for the production of the anti-cancer drug taxol. Although over-exploitation can lead to local extinction, the sustainable commercial and domestic use have the potential of increased incentives for forest conservation.

Fitzroya cupressoides

Fitzroya cupressoides© M.Gardner, RBGE

Taxa in the category - Malesiana:

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Agathis borneensis Warb.

Native to South-east Asia where it has become Endangered due to deforestation and selective logging for its highly prized wood. Read full species entry >

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Agathis dammara (Lam.) Rich. & A. Rich.

Native to Indonesia and the Philippines where it has been over-exploited for its valuable wood and resin. Read full species entry >

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Agathis flavescens Ridl.

Only known from two mountains in Peninsular Malaysia where the total population is thought to be less than 1000 mature individuals. Read full species entry >

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Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub.

Restricted to just two mountains in Sabah and Sarawak where there is some evidence of logging and forest clearance Read full species entry >

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Agathis lenticula de Laub.

Endemic to Malaysia where it has a very narrow range in Sabah and Sarawak. It has been over-exploited for its valuable wood Read full species entry >

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Agathis orbicula de.Laub.

Native to Indonesia  and Malaysia where it is threatened due to logging for its highly prized wood. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium comosum Corner

Only found in five localities in Peninsular Malaysia where the main threats are fire and tourism Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium gracile de Laub.

Native to Malaysia but restricted to a few locations in Sabah and Sarawak where the main threat is from selective logging. Read full species entry >

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