Malesiana

The Malesiana Threatened Conifer Region spans six countries in Southeast Asia: Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitats for the conifers include forests that are everwet, montane ericaceous, peat swamp and mangrove. The conifers mainly include podocarps, most of which are abundant in mid-to high-elevation forests, however, with an increasing elevation stands become more frequent and often the subalpine forests is dominated by one or few species of conifer. Dacrydium species sometimes occur in lowland heath forests (kerangas), typically on the island of Borneo. The Araucariaceae is represented by Araucaria (two species) and Agathis (ca seven species) which form huge emergent trees in a wide range of altitudes. In north-west Sumatera and northern Philippines drier sites on poor acid soils support pine forests which are fire-adapted. The Malesiana Region currently contains 27 globally threatened conifer taxa and the main threats include logging, deforestation, mining, drainage of peat swamps and expansion for agriculture purposes. Global climate change may be having an effect on a number of endemic montane species; most tropical conifers are fire and drought intolerant.

Taxa in the category - Malesiana:

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Dacrydium leptophyllum (Wasscher) de Laub.

Only found on a single mountain in Irian Jaya in Indonesia where there are less than 1000 mature individuals Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium medium de Laub.

Native to Peninsular Malaysia and north Sumatera and threatened by fire and tourism. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium pectinatum de Laub.

Native to China and several countries in South-east Asia where deforestation has dramatically reduced the population Read full species entry >

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Falcatifolium angustum de Laub.

Endemic to Sarawak where it only has two coastal locations which are threatened by deforestation for oil palm plantations Read full species entry >

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Nageia maxima (Parl.) de Laub.

Known from only two locations in Sarawak where it is primarily threatened by the conversion of rainforest to oil palm plantations Read full species entry >

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Nageia motleyi (Parl.) de Laub.

Native to many countires in South-east Asia where there has been a dramatic loss due to the conversion of rainforest to oil plam plantations Read full species entry >

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Pinus merkusii Jungh. & de Vriese

Distributed in Sumatera and the Philippines where over-exploitation, habitat degradation and overgrazing has caused fragmentation. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus archboldii N.E.Gray

Distributed throughout the island of New Guinea and is in decline due to logging for its valuable wood Read full species entry >

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