Malesiana

The Malesiana Threatened Conifer Region spans six countries in Southeast Asia: Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitats for the conifers include forests that are everwet, montane ericaceous, peat swamp and mangrove. The conifers mainly include podocarps, most of which are abundant in mid-to high-elevation forests, however, with an increasing elevation stands become more frequent and often the subalpine forests is dominated by one or few species of conifer. Dacrydium species sometimes occur in lowland heath forests (kerangas), typically on the island of Borneo. The Araucariaceae is represented by Araucaria (two species) and Agathis (ca seven species) which form huge emergent trees in a wide range of altitudes. In north-west Sumatera and northern Philippines drier sites on poor acid soils support pine forests which are fire-adapted. The Malesiana Region currently contains 27 globally threatened conifer taxa and the main threats include logging, deforestation, mining, drainage of peat swamps and expansion for agriculture purposes. Global climate change may be having an effect on a number of endemic montane species; most tropical conifers are fire and drought intolerant.

Taxa in the category - Malesiana:

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Podocarpus confertus de Laub.

Endemic to Borneo in Sabah and Sarawak, here it is in decline due to large-scale conversion of its habitat to oil palm and rubber plantations. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus costalis C.Presl

Distributed in the Philippines and Taiwan where it is restricted to as few as five localities; it is in decline because of plants being taken from the wild for horticultural use Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus deflexus Ridl.

Currently known from two populations in Pahang (Peninsular Malaysia) and north Sumatera (Indonesia) where fire is a possible threat Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus gibbsiae N.E.Gray

Endemic to Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, Borneo where extreme droughts and tourism pose a potential fire hazzard. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus globulus de Laub.

Endemic to Borneo where there are less than five locations; here the main threats are logging and conversion of native forest for growing food crops Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus laubenfelsii Tiong

Restricted to Borneo where it occurs in Sabah, Sarawak and Kalimantan where logging has caused a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus macrocarpus de Laub.

A very poorly known species endemic to the Philippines where it is thought that deforestation is the main threat Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus palawanensis de Laub. & Silba

A very poorly known species, only known from a single location in the Philippines where deforestation may have severely depleted the population Read full species entry >

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