Malesiana

The Malesiana Threatened Conifer Region spans six countries in Southeast Asia: Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitats for the conifers include forests that are everwet, montane ericaceous, peat swamp and mangrove. The conifers mainly include podocarps, most of which are abundant in mid-to high-elevation forests, however, with an increasing elevation stands become more frequent and often the subalpine forests is dominated by one or few species of conifer. Dacrydium species sometimes occur in lowland heath forests (kerangas), typically on the island of Borneo. The Araucariaceae is represented by Araucaria (two species) and Agathis (ca seven species) which form huge emergent trees in a wide range of altitudes. In north-west Sumatera and northern Philippines drier sites on poor acid soils support pine forests which are fire-adapted. The Malesiana Region currently contains 27 globally threatened conifer taxa and the main threats include logging, deforestation, mining, drainage of peat swamps and expansion for agriculture purposes. Global climate change may be having an effect on a number of endemic montane species; most tropical conifers are fire and drought intolerant.

Taxa in the category - Malesiana:

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Agathis borneensis Warb.

Native to South-east Asia where it has become Endangered due to deforestation and selective logging for its highly prized wood. Read full species entry >

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Agathis dammara (Lam.) Rich. & A. Rich.

Native to Indonesia and the Philippines where it has been over-exploited for its valuable wood and resin. Read full species entry >

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Agathis flavescens Ridl.

Only known from two mountains in Peninsular Malaysia where the total population is thought to be less than 1000 mature individuals. Read full species entry >

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Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub.

Restricted to just two mountains in Sabah and Sarawak where there is some evidence of logging and forest clearance Read full species entry >

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Agathis lenticula de Laub.

Endemic to Malaysia where it has a very narrow range in Sabah and Sarawak. It has been over-exploited for its valuable wood Read full species entry >

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Agathis orbicula de.Laub.

Native to Indonesia  and Malaysia where it is threatened due to logging for its highly prized wood. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium comosum Corner

Only found in five localities in Peninsular Malaysia where the main threats are fire and tourism Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium gracile de Laub.

Native to Malaysia but restricted to a few locations in Sabah and Sarawak where the main threat is from selective logging. Read full species entry >

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