Japan, Korea and Far East

The negative impacts of residential and commercial development on conifers is so severe that it has led to conifer species becoming Critically Endangered. Ironically, the very system put in place to protect biodiversty, such as national parks, can have a negative impact on biodiversity. Here the most detrimental impacts can be from the visiting public by bringing an increased risk of fire and the introduction of harmful pests and diseases. As a result of an explosive growth rates in the human population over the last 50 years there has been a steady drift of people from the city centres into urban areas. It is estimated that 60% of the Earth's population will live in urban areas by 2030. Hence these increasing population densities and mounting development pressures are causing large tracks of land in the immediate surroundings of urban areas undergoing a process of what is known as urbanisation. This phenomenon directly alters forest ecosystems by removing or fragmenting forest cover. It indirectly alters forest ecosystems by modifying hydrology, altering nutrient cycling, modifying disturbance regimes, and changing atmospheric conditions. 

<em>Tetraclinis articulata</em>, Malta

Tetraclinis articulata, Malta© M.Gardner, RBGE

Taxa in the category - Japan, Korea and Far East :

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Abies koreana E.H.Wilson

Endemic to four mountains in South Korea, the population suffers a range of threats including climate change, introduced pathogens and invasive native and non-native plants Read full species entry >

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Picea alcoquiana (Veitch ex Lindl.) Carrière

Endemic to Japan where logging has caused a considerable reduction in the population Read full species entry >

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Picea koyamae Shiras.

Endemic to Central Honshu in Japan where a population of less than 1000 individuals occur on two mountains; extensive historic logging has now led to severe fragmentation Read full species entry >

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Picea maximowiczii Regel ex Mast.

Scattered populations on the main Japanese island of Honshu where logging and the conversion of native forest to commercial plantations are the main threats Read full species entry >

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Picea torano (Siebold ex K. Koch) Koehne

Endemic to Japan where the main threat is logging and the replacement of native forests with commercial plantations Read full species entry >

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Pinus amamiana Koidz.

Endemic to Japan where it was formerly exploited for its timber but more recently the population has been much reduced by pine wood nematodes accidentally introduced from the U.S.A. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus fasciculus de Laub.

Distributed in several islands of the Ryukyu Islands of Japan and in Taiwan; threats including selective logging and forest clearance for agricultural purposes. Read full species entry >

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Pseudotsuga japonica (Shiras) Beissn.

Endemic to south-western Japan where the main threat is deforestation in order to establishment commercial plantations Read full species entry >

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