Himalayas

The Taiwan Threatened Conifer Region is a mountainous island that is located ca 200km off the coast of China. The granite mountains rise steeply on the eastern slopes to almost 4000m at the summit of Mt Yushan. Most of the island comprises of subtropical evergreen forest dominated by broadleaved species; however, with a rise in elevation, this forest type is gradually replaced by conifers and deciduous hardwoods. Taiwan has a tropical monsoon climate with a mean annual temperature of 22۫ C and a precipitation pattern which varies throughout the length of island. In general, the eastern slopes of the island receive the most rain, up to 6000mm annually; while the western plains receive only about 1500mm. Taiwan is subject to intense typhoons, especially on the eastern seaboard. Most of the island's 26 conifers species occur at higher altitudes at 2000m and above. Currently sixteen species are threatened mainly as a result of forest clearance for commercial plantations and agriculture

Taxa in the category - Himalayas:

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Abies forrestii var. smithii ViguiƩ & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Amentotaxus assamica D.K.Ferguson

Poorly known species endemic to India where threats include forest clearance for agriculture, logging, firewood collection and infrastructure development Read full species entry >

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Cephalotaxus mannii Hook. f.

Although widely distributed in southeastern Asia it is often targeted for its timber. Futher threats include the conversion of its habitat to agriculture land which has resulted in severe forest fragmentation. Read full species entry >

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Cupressus gigantea W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu

Native to southwest China where the main threat is deforestation Read full species entry >

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Juniperus pingii W.C.Cheng

A variable, high altitude juniper that is usually found as a prostrate shurb (var wilsonii) in SW China and on the Tibetan Plateau. Grazing and firewood collection have led to a suspected reduction of almost 30% so that it has been assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

J. pingii and other conifers, Baima Shan
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Juniperus recurva var coxii (A.B.Jacks.) Melville

A graceful weeping tree from SW China and the adjoining Himalayas. Large trees are now rare as its timber has been highly valued for coffins and furniture. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

Bark detail
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Juniperus tibetica Kom.

Distributed in China and Tibet where threats include fire and grazing Read full species entry >

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Larix potaninii var himalaica (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Farjon & Silba

This variety is restricted to a few valleys near Mt Everest on both Chinese and Nepalese sides. It is assessed as Near Threatened due to its restricted distribution, the likelihood that it is exploited but uncertainty as to the extent of that exploitation. Read full species entry >

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