Himalayas

The Himalayan Threatened Conifer Region extends from the northeastern provinces of Afghanistan in a narrow arc through northwestern Pakistan and India, through Nepal, Assam and northern Myanmar. Its eastern limit is at about 98° E where three major river systems (Irrawaddy, Nujiang and Mekong) converge and the main mountain ranges are orientated southwards. Throughout the area climates and vegetation are heavily influenced by summer monsoons and the rapid rise in elevation. The conifer flora is concentrated in the mid montane areas above 1500m above sea-level and is dominated by members of the Pinaceae and Cupressaceae. Of the approximately 40 taxa that occur in this area, 22 are endemic. Most species occur in the eastern part of the region with many also occurring in Regions 7 and 8. One species, Taiwania cryptomerioides, also occurs in Region 10. Although only nine taxa have been assessed as globally threatened, several more are nationally threatened in at least one part of their range. Principal region-wide threats include harvesting for medicinal use (Taxus), overexploitation for timber and deforestation associated with agricultural and pastoral activities. Hydroelectric developments are a localized threat in some parts of the region.

Taxa in the category - Himalayas:

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Abies forrestii var. smithii ViguiƩ & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Amentotaxus assamica D.K.Ferguson

Poorly known species endemic to India where threats include forest clearance for agriculture, logging, firewood collection and infrastructure development Read full species entry >

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Cephalotaxus mannii Hook. f.

Although widely distributed in southeastern Asia it is often targeted for its timber. Futher threats include the conversion of its habitat to agriculture land which has resulted in severe forest fragmentation. Read full species entry >

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Cupressus gigantea W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu

Native to southwest China where the main threat is deforestation Read full species entry >

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Juniperus pingii W.C.Cheng

A variable, high altitude juniper that is usually found as a prostrate shurb (var wilsonii) in SW China and on the Tibetan Plateau. Grazing and firewood collection have led to a suspected reduction of almost 30% so that it has been assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

J. pingii and other conifers, Baima Shan
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Juniperus recurva var coxii (A.B.Jacks.) Melville

A graceful weeping tree from SW China and the adjoining Himalayas. Large trees are now rare as its timber has been highly valued for coffins and furniture. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

Bark detail
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Juniperus tibetica Kom.

Distributed in China and Tibet where threats include fire and grazing Read full species entry >

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Larix potaninii var himalaica (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Farjon & Silba

This variety is restricted to a few valleys near Mt Everest on both Chinese and Nepalese sides. It is assessed as Near Threatened due to its restricted distribution, the likelihood that it is exploited but uncertainty as to the extent of that exploitation. Read full species entry >

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