Fire

The Northern Africa and Spain Threatened Conifer Region includes high mountain ranges in Algeria, Morocco and Spain covered in humid forests and has a climatic biseasonality with dry and hot summers, moist, cool autumns and cold winters. In the Baetic Cordillera of Spain, the Rif Mountains of Morocco and the Djebel Babor Mountains of northern Algeria, forests are characterized by containing Abies, Cedrus and Pinus species together with Taxus baccata. However, the main distribution of Cedrus atlantica is in the Atlas Mountains and in the central and eastern coastal mountains of Algeria. Included in the Region is the Tassili N'Ajjer mountain range in the Saharan Desert of south-east Algeria. This habitat is the driest recorded for any conifer species and is the habitat for Cupressus dupreziana var. dupreziana; here there is virtually no associated vegetation. Throughout the region the forested habitats are under continuous threat and have become degraded or even lost due to fire, overgrazing, road construction, tourism, land clearing for agriculture and firewood collection. Currently ten conifer taxa are globally threatened in this region.

Taxa in the category - Fire:

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.

Distributed in three States of eastern USA but as a result of severe infestation from the Balsam woolly adelgid, only one population remains unaffected Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies kawakamii (Hayata) T.Itô

A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened Read full species entry >

Mature cones
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Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei

A narrow endemic native to the Madonie Mountains of Sicily where the entire population consists of only 30 individuals. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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