Fire

The Taiwan Threatened Conifer Region is a mountainous island that is located ca 200km off the coast of China. The granite mountains rise steeply on the eastern slopes to almost 4000m at the summit of Mt Yushan. Most of the island comprises of subtropical evergreen forest dominated by broadleaved species; however, with a rise in elevation, this forest type is gradually replaced by conifers and deciduous hardwoods. Taiwan has a tropical monsoon climate with a mean annual temperature of 22۫ C and a precipitation pattern which varies throughout the length of island. In general, the eastern slopes of the island receive the most rain, up to 6000mm annually; while the western plains receive only about 1500mm. Taiwan is subject to intense typhoons, especially on the eastern seaboard. Most of the island's 26 conifers species occur at higher altitudes at 2000m and above. Currently sixteen species are threatened mainly as a result of forest clearance for commercial plantations and agriculture

Taxa in the category - Fire:

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.

Distributed in three States of eastern USA but as a result of severe infestation from the Balsam woolly adelgid, only one population remains unaffected Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies kawakamii (Hayata) T.Itô

A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened Read full species entry >

Mature cones
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Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei

A narrow endemic native to the Madonie Mountains of Sicily where the entire population consists of only 30 individuals. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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