Fire

The Southeastern Brazil Threatened Conifer Region includes the Atlantic forest area on the eastern seaboard and the subtropical forests of southeastern Brazil and adjoining Argentina and Paraguay. The once vast area of Atlantic forest has now been reduced by over 85% and today the region is home to 133 million people that equates to 70% of the country’s population and includes the sprawling cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. Even as a result of this dramatic loss it remains one of the most diverse forests in the world. This Region contains only four conifers -   Podocarpus lambertii is Near Threatened while P. sellowii (with its two varieties) and P. transiens are listed as Endangered as a result of deforestation, urbanisation, fire and grazing. The most notable conifer in the Region is Araucaria angustifolia, which has its main distribution is southeastern Brazil with remnant stands in neighbouring parts of Argentina and Paraguay. Of all the conifers in the Region this species has suffered the greatest loss of 97% over a period of100 years. Most of the loss of this important timber species is due to massive exploitation since the beginning of the 20th century.

Taxa in the category - Fire:

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.

Distributed in three States of eastern USA but as a result of severe infestation from the Balsam woolly adelgid, only one population remains unaffected Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies kawakamii (Hayata) T.Itô

A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened Read full species entry >

Mature cones
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Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei

A narrow endemic native to the Madonie Mountains of Sicily where the entire population consists of only 30 individuals. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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