Fire

The Eastern Mediterranean Threatened Conifer Region covers a wide area from southern Italy, east to the Black Sea coast. It includes important conifer areas that found within the Taurus Mountains in southern Turkey and extends to the Eastern Lebanon Mountain Range which runs down through Syria and Lebanon. This is the main range for Abies cilicica and Cedrus libani. Here typically the forested limestone mountains have most of their precipitation in the form of winter snow fall followed by long hot summers. Similar weather patterns are characteristic of the islands of Cyprus, the sole location for Cedrus brevifolia and Sicily which has a very small population of the endemic Abies nebrodensis. The temperate broadleaf and mixed forests of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia in the Balkans, which cover limestone mountains, supports fragmented populations of Picea omorika while the sparsely forested karst limestone coast has narrow endemic threatened pines. The threats to conifers in this region are numerous and include fire, over-grazing, habitat loss through urbanisation and deforestation, pathogen attack, climate change and negative activities associated with winter sports.

Taxa in the category - Fire:

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.

Distributed in three States of eastern USA but as a result of severe infestation from the Balsam woolly adelgid, only one population remains unaffected Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies kawakamii (Hayata) T.Itô

A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened Read full species entry >

Mature cones
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Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei

A narrow endemic native to the Madonie Mountains of Sicily where the entire population consists of only 30 individuals. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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