Fire

The East Africa Threatened Conifer Region includes Ethiopia, southern Sudan, Uganda,  Kenya and northern Tanzania. The conifers mostly occur at mid to high altitude in evergreen montane rainforest along a chain of isolated mountain ranges following the Rift Valley.  Afrocarpus dawei occurs in seasonal swamp forests near the margins of slow flowing rivers close to Lake Victoria. Due to the higher altitude the climate is relatively temperate and seasonal, with temperatures falling below 10° C in the cold season and rising to above 30° C in the warm season. Rainfall varies between 1200 and 2000mm per annum, with a distinct wet and dry season. There are only five conifer species in this Region, Juniperus procera, three Afrocarpus and one Podocarpus species. Although  A. usambarensis is the only conifer assessed as being globally threatened, the other taxa are in decline and may be nationally threatened in parts of their range. Primary threats include forest clearance due to an ever-expanding population requiring new farmland and from forest degradation and logging.

Taxa in the category - Fire:

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.

Distributed in three States of eastern USA but as a result of severe infestation from the Balsam woolly adelgid, only one population remains unaffected Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies kawakamii (Hayata) T.Itô

A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened Read full species entry >

Mature cones
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Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei

A narrow endemic native to the Madonie Mountains of Sicily where the entire population consists of only 30 individuals. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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