Fire

The Australasian Threatened Conifer Region consists only of Australia and New Zealand. It is characterized by very high levels of endemism: of the sixty conifer species recorded only four occur outside of this Region. In New Zealand conifers are widespread and were once a major component of the forests that covered most of the country prior to Maori and European settlement. In Australia, while a few species are widespread in the more arid interior, the majority are concentrated either in wet temperate forests of Tasmania, the subtropical areas of the Great Dividing Range in New South Wales and Queensland or in the biologically diverse southwest of Western Australia. As with many countries settled by Europeans, the native vegetation of this Region has undergone significant changes and although only ten species have been assessed in one of the three IUCN categories of threat, another ten have been assessed as Near Threatened. Several more could be assessed as threatened if better information was known about their past distributions. Principal ongoing threats include continued clearance of native forests for agriculture, competition from invasive species and wildfires. Logging of native forests in both Australia and New Zealand has declined significantly in recent years and significant areas where conifers occur are within protected area systems.

Taxa in the category - Fire:

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Abies delavayi subsp. fansipanensis (Q.P.Xiang) Rushforth

This subspecies, described in 1997, is restricted to a single mountain in Northern Việt Nam. The main threats are its small population size and restricted distribution which make it potentially susceptible to stochastic events.  Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.

Distributed in three States of eastern USA but as a result of severe infestation from the Balsam woolly adelgid, only one population remains unaffected Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies kawakamii (Hayata) T.Itô

A subtropical alpine fir restricted to a few areas in Taiwan. Climate change is likely to have a significant impact on this species. Currently it is assessed as Near Threatened Read full species entry >

Mature cones
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Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei

A narrow endemic native to the Madonie Mountains of Sicily where the entire population consists of only 30 individuals. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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