Eastern Mediterranean

The Eastern Mediterranean Threatened Conifer Region covers a wide area from southern Italy, east to the Black Sea coast. It includes important conifer areas that found within the Taurus Mountains in southern Turkey and extends to the Eastern Lebanon Mountain Range which runs down through Syria and Lebanon. This is the main range for Abies cilicica and Cedrus libani. Here typically the forested limestone mountains have most of their precipitation in the form of winter snow fall followed by long hot summers. Similar weather patterns are characteristic of the islands of Cyprus, the sole location for Cedrus brevifolia and Sicily which has a very small population of the endemic Abies nebrodensis. The temperate broadleaf and mixed forests of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia in the Balkans, which cover limestone mountains, supports fragmented populations of Picea omorika while the sparsely forested karst limestone coast has narrow endemic threatened pines. The threats to conifers in this region are numerous and include fire, over-grazing, habitat loss through urbanisation and deforestation, pathogen attack, climate change and negative activities associated with winter sports.

Taxa in the category - Eastern Mediterranean :

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Pinus brutia var. pityusa

Endemic to the north-east Black Sea area where its habitat is threatened by development Read full species entry >

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Pinus mugo subsp. rotundata (Vis.) Franco

Native to bog systems in Central Europe where the main threats are drainage and competition from Picea abies Read full species entry >

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Pinus nigra subsp. dalmatica

Endemic to coastal areas and islands off the coast of Croatia where the main threat is from over-grazing, especially by feral goats Read full species entry >

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