Direct exploitation

The Northern Africa and Spain Threatened Conifer Region includes high mountain ranges in Algeria, Morocco and Spain covered in humid forests and has a climatic biseasonality with dry and hot summers, moist, cool autumns and cold winters. In the Baetic Cordillera of Spain, the Rif Mountains of Morocco and the Djebel Babor Mountains of northern Algeria, forests are characterized by containing Abies, Cedrus and Pinus species together with Taxus baccata. However, the main distribution of Cedrus atlantica is in the Atlas Mountains and in the central and eastern coastal mountains of Algeria. Included in the Region is the Tassili N'Ajjer mountain range in the Saharan Desert of south-east Algeria. This habitat is the driest recorded for any conifer species and is the habitat for Cupressus dupreziana var. dupreziana; here there is virtually no associated vegetation. Throughout the region the forested habitats are under continuous threat and have become degraded or even lost due to fire, overgrazing, road construction, tourism, land clearing for agriculture and firewood collection. Currently ten conifer taxa are globally threatened in this region.

Taxa in the category - Direct exploitation:

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Abies delavayi var. nukiangensis (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Farjon & Silba

Mainly found in the remote mountain ranges of southwestern China and northeast Myanmar where logging has had some impact. It is listed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. fabri

Endemic to western Sichuan province in China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. minensis (Bordères & Gaussen) Rushforth

Endemic to western Sichuan in China where acid rain is the main present-day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies fargesii var. faxoniana Rehder & E.H. Wilson

Distributed in China where in the past logging has reduced the population considerably but acid rain is a present day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. forrestii

A mid to high altitude fir that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. smithii Viguié & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii Flous & Gaussen

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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