Direct exploitation

The Taiwan Threatened Conifer Region is a mountainous island that is located ca 200km off the coast of China. The granite mountains rise steeply on the eastern slopes to almost 4000m at the summit of Mt Yushan. Most of the island comprises of subtropical evergreen forest dominated by broadleaved species; however, with a rise in elevation, this forest type is gradually replaced by conifers and deciduous hardwoods. Taiwan has a tropical monsoon climate with a mean annual temperature of 22۫ C and a precipitation pattern which varies throughout the length of island. In general, the eastern slopes of the island receive the most rain, up to 6000mm annually; while the western plains receive only about 1500mm. Taiwan is subject to intense typhoons, especially on the eastern seaboard. Most of the island's 26 conifers species occur at higher altitudes at 2000m and above. Currently sixteen species are threatened mainly as a result of forest clearance for commercial plantations and agriculture

Taxa in the category - Direct exploitation:

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Abies delavayi var. nukiangensis (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Farjon & Silba

Mainly found in the remote mountain ranges of southwestern China and northeast Myanmar where logging has had some impact. It is listed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. fabri

Endemic to western Sichuan province in China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. minensis (Bordères & Gaussen) Rushforth

Endemic to western Sichuan in China where acid rain is the main present-day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies fargesii var. faxoniana Rehder & E.H. Wilson

Distributed in China where in the past logging has reduced the population considerably but acid rain is a present day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. forrestii

A mid to high altitude fir that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. smithii Viguié & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii Flous & Gaussen

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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