Direct exploitation

The Southern Mesoamerica Threatened Conifer Region extends from Guatemala and Belize southwards as far as the border between Panama and Colombia. Climates vary from warm, wet subtropical and tropical in the lowlands to cool and wet in the montane areas. For the conifers, it is an area of transition with major genera such as Abies, Cupressus, Juniperus and Pinus reaching their southern most distribution and where essentially southern hemisphere genera such as Podocarpus and Prumnopitys start become increasingly more frequent. Levels of endemism are relatively low. The majority of threatened species occur in biodiverse cloud forests especially at higher elevations in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras where subpopulations tend to be small or localised. Major threats include small and large scale logging, the conversion of forests for agriculture and grazing as well as over harvesting for Christmas trees.

Taxa in the category - Direct exploitation:

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Abies delavayi var. nukiangensis (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Farjon & Silba

Mainly found in the remote mountain ranges of southwestern China and northeast Myanmar where logging has had some impact. It is listed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. fabri

Endemic to western Sichuan province in China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. minensis (Bordères & Gaussen) Rushforth

Endemic to western Sichuan in China where acid rain is the main present-day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies fargesii var. faxoniana Rehder & E.H. Wilson

Distributed in China where in the past logging has reduced the population considerably but acid rain is a present day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. forrestii

A mid to high altitude fir that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. smithii Viguié & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii Flous & Gaussen

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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