Energy production and infrastructure development can have a severe detrimental effect on conifer habitats. A recent surge in the global demand for metals has led to an increase in mining activities with open-cast mining or strip-mining and its associated activities causing severe environmental damage. Conifer-rich forests are often affected by this type of mining for example, nickel mining on the Pacific island of New Caledonia. Hydroelectric schemes often cause habitat loss due to forest inundation or indirectly by the loss of downstream habitats through changes in water levels. Over the past 100 years hydroelectric schemes are responsible for a 15% habitat loss of Lagarostrobos franklinii forest in Tasmania. Logging activities invariably start with the construction of roads in order to gain access to timber and this can include up to 15% of the consumed logged area. This intrusion is often devastating, opening up the area for further development and as communities grow more infrastructure and services are required.
Endemic to southern and central China where deforestation is the mian cause of threat Read full species entry >
Endemic to south and central China where the mian cause of threat is deforestation Read full species entry >
Endemic to southern China in NW Yunnan where it is overexploited for his highly prized wood Read full species entry >
Endemic to eastern China where it is has been in steep decline due to deforestation Read full species entry >
Endemic to a few mountains in SW China where it has undergone a significant population reduction in the recent past Read full species entry >
Described in 2002 following its discovery in the Bat Dai Son Nature Reserve in Hagiang province in northern Việt Nam in 1999. Since then it has been discovered in other provinces of the karst limestone areas of northern Việt Nam and in Guangxi, China. Selective felling is the most serious current threat due to its small population size. Read full species entry >