China

Energy production and infrastructure development can have a severe detrimental effect on conifer habitats.  A recent surge in the global demand for metals has led to an increase in mining activities with open-cast mining or strip-mining and its associated activities causing severe environmental damage.  Conifer-rich forests are often affected by this type of mining for example, nickel mining on the Pacific island of New Caledonia. Hydroelectric schemes often cause habitat loss due to forest inundation or indirectly by the loss of downstream habitats through changes in water levels.  Over the past 100 years hydroelectric schemes are responsible for a 15% habitat loss of Lagarostrobos franklinii forest in Tasmania.  Logging activities invariably start with the construction of roads in order to gain access to timber and this can include up to 15% of the consumed logged area. This intrusion is often devastating, opening up the area for further development and as communities grow more infrastructure and services are required.

Taxa in the category - China:

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Abies forrestii var. smithii ViguiƩ & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata Mast.

A timber tree in western China, which has been heavily exploited until recently when it was decided to preserve the remaining old growth forests Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata var. ernestii (Rehder) C.T.Kuan

Distributed in several province in China where it has suffered a decline due to logging Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata var. recurvata

Distributed in two provinces in China where logging has reduced the size of its population Read full species entry >

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Abies squamata Mast.

Distributed in China and Tibet where direct exploitation for timber has led to a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Abies yuanbaoshanensis Y.J.Lu & L.K.Fu

Endemic to south-east China where the population is only about 600 individuals Read full species entry >

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Abies ziyuanensis L.K. Fu & S.L. Mo

Endemic to south-east China where the present-day threats are landslides and overgrazing by sheep and cattle. Read full species entry >

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Amentotaxus argotaenia (Hance) Pilg

A widespread species that only ever occurs in small isolated populations. It is currently assessed as Near Threatened due to range wide deforestation. Read full species entry >

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