China

The China Threatened Conifer Region includes most of mainland China. Climatically and topographically it is diverse and one of the world's major centres for plant diversity. It has a rich conifer flora with more than 150 taxa including iconic endemic conifers such as Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Pseudolarix amabilis and Cathaya argyrophylla. Unfortunately almost half have been assessed as threatened. The principal threats arise from conversion of forest for agricultural use, plantation forestry and urbanization as well as recent exploitation for timber. A number of taxa are relictual and naturally have small populations: these are especially susceptible to anthropogenic influences. Several taxa, including, Cupressus funebris, Cunninghamia lanceolata and Platycladus orientalis have a long history of cultivation and their natural distributions have become unclear and it is uncertain if any wild populations still remain. The majority of threatened species are concentrated in the Sino-Himalayan areas of Yunnan and Sichuan, the limestone karst areas of Guangxi and Guizhou and the mountainous areas of Fujian and Zhejiang.

Taxa in the category - China:

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Picea likiangensis var. likiangensis

Distributed in Bhutan, China and Tibet where the population has been reduced due to logging and grazing is affecting regeneration Read full species entry >

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Picea likiangensis var. rubescens Rehder & E.H.Wilson

Distributed in western China and Tibet where logging is the main threat and grazing is affecting succesful regeneration Read full species entry >

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Picea neoveitchii Masters

Formerly more widespread in northern China but now confined to a few localites as a result of decades of over exploitation and conversion of forest for agriculture Read full species entry >

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Picea purpurea Mast.

A tall columnar spruce with distinct purple cones. Logging has reduced its area of occupancy and it has been assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Picea retroflexa Masters

Native to western China where logging has depleted the population and subsequently fire and grazing have restricted regeneration. Read full species entry >

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Pinus armandii var. dabeshanensis

Native to China where deforestation has significantly reduced the population Read full species entry >

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Pinus henryi Mast.

A small pine from the mountains of central China. Following decades of deforestation some recovery and expansion appears to be taking place. Currently this species is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

Female Cone
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