China

The China Threatened Conifer Region includes most of mainland China. Climatically and topographically it is diverse and one of the world's major centres for plant diversity. It has a rich conifer flora with more than 150 taxa including iconic endemic conifers such as Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Pseudolarix amabilis and Cathaya argyrophylla. Unfortunately almost half have been assessed as threatened. The principal threats arise from conversion of forest for agricultural use, plantation forestry and urbanization as well as recent exploitation for timber. A number of taxa are relictual and naturally have small populations: these are especially susceptible to anthropogenic influences. Several taxa, including, Cupressus funebris, Cunninghamia lanceolata and Platycladus orientalis have a long history of cultivation and their natural distributions have become unclear and it is uncertain if any wild populations still remain. The majority of threatened species are concentrated in the Sino-Himalayan areas of Yunnan and Sichuan, the limestone karst areas of Guangxi and Guizhou and the mountainous areas of Fujian and Zhejiang.

Taxa in the category - China:

Page 3 of 11 pages  < 1 2 3 4 5 >  Last ›
 world map

blob indicating China on map

Amentotaxus argotaenia var. brevifolia K.M.Lan & F.H.Zhang

This variety has a restricted range in southern China with a small population that is thought to be threatened by deforestation Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Indochina on map

blob indicating China on map

Amentotaxus yunnanensis H.L.Li

Distributed in China, Loa PDR and Việt Nam where it is threatened by general deforestation and selective logging. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Indochina on map

blob indicating China on map

Calocedrus macrolepis Kurz

A widespread species that has been exploited for timber and resin. Difficulties in estimating the extent of its decline and a lack of information about its staus is some parts of its range have resulted in an assessment of Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

Foliage
 world map

blob indicating Indochina on map

blob indicating China on map

Calocedrus rupestris Aver.,T.H.Nguyên & P.K.Lôc

Calocedrus rupestris was first described in 2008 from Việt Nam: prior to this Calocedrus trees occurring on limestone karst  were wrongly identified as Calocedrus macrolepis.  In 2011 C. rupestris was discovered in Guangxi. Threats include selective logging for timber, deforestation and forest degradation. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating China on map

Cathaya argyrophylla Chun & Kuang

Native to China with a small population which is estimated to be no more than 1000 mature individuals. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating China on map

Cephalotaxus fortunei var. alpina H.L.Li

A poorly known variety from the mountains in SW China. Deforestation is likely to have had an impact within its restricted range and therefore it has been assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

Image not available
 world map

blob indicating China on map

Cephalotaxus hainanensis H.L.Li

Restricted to the island of Hainan, China where the main threat has been exploitation of the bark and leaves for the valuable medicinal extracts. Habitat conversion and deforestation are now the most current threats Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating China on map

Cephalotaxus lanceolata K.M.Feng

Endemic to NW Yunnan in China where forests have been exploited for timber and the habitat is being reduced due to forest clearance for expanding agricultural areas. Read full species entry >

Page 3 of 11 pages  < 1 2 3 4 5 >  Last ›