Caribbean

The Caribbean Threatened Conifer Region consists of three large island groups: the Bahamas, the Lesser Antilles, and the Greater Antilles; also included in this Region is the island of Bermuda. The seasonal tropical climate of the Caribbean is moderated by the prevailing northeast trade winds. Temperatures vary between 24°C and 32°C depending on altitude and the annual precipitation ranges from 600 to 5000 m. The 18 conifer taxa in this Region are represented by the genera Juniperus, Pinus and Podocarpus; 16 taxa are globally threatened. Some juniper taxa (Juniperus barbadensis var. lucayana, J. gracilior var. ekmanii  and J. saxicola) have only one or two locations with very small populations of less than 100 individuals. In contrast Pinus occidentalis endemic to Hispaniola and P. caribaea in the Bahamas cover relatively large areas. Podocarpus coriacea has the widest distribution of any conifer species in the Region, with the rest of the podocarps occurring as endemics on a single island and confined to relatively small areas. Threats throughout the Region include deforestation, logging, fire and invasive exotic plants and pests.

 

 

 

 

Taxa in the category - Caribbean:

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Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis (Griseb.) W.H.Barrett & Golfari

Distributed in the Caribbean throughout the Bahamas and on Turks and Caicos Island; the current main threat is damage from an introduced exotic scale insect but dry-season fires or non-seasonal fires and development are also having negative effects Read full species entry >

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Pinus caribaea var. caribaea

Endemic to Cuba where logging and conversion of the habitat to pasture-land are the main threats Read full species entry >

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Pinus occidentalis Sw.

Once a widespread species on the Dominican Republic and Haiti where over time extensive logging has greatly reduced the population Read full species entry >

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Pinus tropicalis Morelet

Endemic to western Cuba where it is threatened by over-exploitation for its valuable timber Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus buchii Urban

Endemic to the Dominican Republic and Haiti where it is mainly threatened by habitat loss due to agriculture, logging, fire and tornadoes. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus hispaniolensis de Laub.

Endemic to the Dominican Republic where it is threatened by deforestation Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus purdieanus Hook.

Endemic to central Jamaica where logging is the main threat to this valuable timber tree. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus urbanii Pilg.

Endemic to Jamaica where it is threatened by illegal logging, wood harvesting and the proliferation of invasive non-native species. Read full species entry >

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