Caribbean

The Caribbean Threatened Conifer Region consists of three large island groups: the Bahamas, the Lesser Antilles, and the Greater Antilles; also included in this Region is the island of Bermuda. The seasonal tropical climate of the Caribbean is moderated by the prevailing northeast trade winds. Temperatures vary between 24°C and 32°C depending on altitude and the annual precipitation ranges from 600 to 5000 m. The 18 conifer taxa in this Region are represented by the genera Juniperus, Pinus and Podocarpus; 16 taxa are globally threatened. Some juniper taxa (Juniperus barbadensis var. lucayana, J. gracilior var. ekmanii  and J. saxicola) have only one or two locations with very small populations of less than 100 individuals. In contrast Pinus occidentalis endemic to Hispaniola and P. caribaea in the Bahamas cover relatively large areas. Podocarpus coriacea has the widest distribution of any conifer species in the Region, with the rest of the podocarps occurring as endemics on a single island and confined to relatively small areas. Threats throughout the Region include deforestation, logging, fire and invasive exotic plants and pests.

 

 

 

 

Taxa in the category - Caribbean:

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Juniperus barbadensis L.

Endemic to the Caribbean in the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica and St Lucia where threats include logging, fire and urbanisation Read full species entry >

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Juniperus barbadensis var. barbadensis

Endemic to one mountain in St Lucia where only about 50 mature individuals survive and are threatened by wild-fires Read full species entry >

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Juniperus barbadensis var. lucayana (Britton) R.P. Adams

Endemic to the West Indes where it occurs in the Bahamas, Cuba and Jamaica. Here it is threatened by fire, cutting and invasive pathogens. Read full species entry >

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Juniperus bermudiana L.

Endemic to Bermuda where historically it underwent a catastrophic decline of almost 95% due to scale insects, recent recovery is hampered by invasive plant species. Read full species entry >

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Juniperus gracilior Pilg.

Native to the Dominican Republic and Haiti where firewood collection, forest clearance and man-made fires have reduced the population to less than 1,000 mature individuals  Read full species entry >

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Juniperus gracilior var. ekmanii (Florin) R.P.Adams

Restricted to two localities in the Dominican Republic and Haiti where the few remaining trees are still threatened by cutting and firewood collection. Read full species entry >

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Juniperus gracilior var. urbaniana (Pilg. & Ekman) R.P.Adams

Occurs in the Dominican Republic and Haiti where there are less than 250 mature individuals; main threats include fire and overgrazing by livestock. Read full species entry >

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Juniperus saxicola Britton & P.Wilson

Endemic to a single mountain in eastern Cuba where fire and human disturbance has reduced the population to just 53 mature individuals. Read full species entry >

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