Australasia

The Australasian Threatened Conifer Region consists only of Australia and New Zealand. It is characterized by very high levels of endemism: of the sixty conifer species recorded only four occur outside of this Region. In New Zealand conifers are widespread and were once a major component of the forests that covered most of the country prior to Maori and European settlement. In Australia, while a few species are widespread in the more arid interior, the majority are concentrated either in wet temperate forests of Tasmania, the subtropical areas of the Great Dividing Range in New South Wales and Queensland or in the biologically diverse southwest of Western Australia. As with many countries settled by Europeans, the native vegetation of this Region has undergone significant changes and although only ten species have been assessed in one of the three IUCN categories of threat, another ten have been assessed as Near Threatened. Several more could be assessed as threatened if better information was known about their past distributions. Principal ongoing threats include continued clearance of native forests for agriculture, competition from invasive species and wildfires. Logging of native forests in both Australia and New Zealand has declined significantly in recent years and significant areas where conifers occur are within protected area systems.

Taxa in the category - Australasia:

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Agathis atropurpurea B.Hyland

Endemic to Australia where as a result of past logging it has a very restricted distribution in Queensland Read full species entry >

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Agathis microstachya Bailey & C.White

Endemic to the Cook District of northeast Queensland, Australia where 50% of the population has been reduced by logging. Read full species entry >

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Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco

Endemic to Australia (Norfolk Island Group) where historical logging and forest clearance significantly reduced the population. Today the main threats relate to the impacts of invasive non-native species. Read full species entry >

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Athrotaxis cupressoides D.Don

Endemic to Tasmania where the main threats are fire, grazing of regeneration and dieback caused by Phytophthora Read full species entry >

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Athrotaxis selaginoides D.Don

One of two Athrotaxis species endemic to Tasmania where historically it has suffered from fire and logging. Today, even with protection, there is a continuing decline due to fire. Read full species entry >

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Callitris oblonga A.Rich. & Rich.

Endemic to Australia where it occurs on the mainland and Tasmania. Threats include  forest clearance, fire, grazing, invasive species and soil erosion. Read full species entry >

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Pherosphaera fitzgeraldii (F.Muell.) F.Muell. ex Hook.f.

Native to a very small area in the Blue Mountains of Australia where threats include pollution, invasive plants species and extreme fire events Read full species entry >

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Prumnopitys ladei (F.M.Bailey) de Laub.

Endemic to Queensland, Australia where it occupies a very restricted area; mature individuals are estimated to number less than 1000. Read full species entry >

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