Agriculture and Forestry

The Northern Africa and Spain Threatened Conifer Region includes high mountain ranges in Algeria, Morocco and Spain covered in humid forests and has a climatic biseasonality with dry and hot summers, moist, cool autumns and cold winters. In the Baetic Cordillera of Spain, the Rif Mountains of Morocco and the Djebel Babor Mountains of northern Algeria, forests are characterized by containing Abies, Cedrus and Pinus species together with Taxus baccata. However, the main distribution of Cedrus atlantica is in the Atlas Mountains and in the central and eastern coastal mountains of Algeria. Included in the Region is the Tassili N'Ajjer mountain range in the Saharan Desert of south-east Algeria. This habitat is the driest recorded for any conifer species and is the habitat for Cupressus dupreziana var. dupreziana; here there is virtually no associated vegetation. Throughout the region the forested habitats are under continuous threat and have become degraded or even lost due to fire, overgrazing, road construction, tourism, land clearing for agriculture and firewood collection. Currently ten conifer taxa are globally threatened in this region.

Taxa in the category - Agriculture and Forestry:

Page 1 of 17 pages  1 2 3 >  Last ›
 world map

blob indicating China on map

Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu

Endemic to eastern China in Zhejiang Province where only a handful of mature individuals survive Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating China on map

Abies forrestii var. forrestii

A mid to high altitude fir that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Himalayas on map

blob indicating China on map

Abies forrestii var. smithii ViguiƩ & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Western Mediterranean on map

Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Western Mediterranean on map

Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Western Mediterranean on map

Abies pinsapo var. pinsapo

One of two varieties of the Spanish fir restricted to three areas of southern Spain where in the last 45 years large areas of  forest have been lost mainly as a result of fire. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating China on map

Abies ziyuanensis L.K. Fu & S.L. Mo

Endemic to south-east China where the present-day threats are landslides and overgrazing by sheep and cattle. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Malesiana on map

Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub.

Restricted to just two mountains in Sabah and Sarawak where there is some evidence of logging and forest clearance Read full species entry >

Page 1 of 17 pages  1 2 3 >  Last ›