Agriculture and Forestry

The Temperate Southern South America Threatened Conifer Region is confined to Argentina and Chile with the majority of conifer populations occurring in Chile. The conifers have a discontinuous range from latitude 32°29' S in San Felipe de Aconcagua (Chile), south to 55°30' S in Tierra del Fuego (Argentina). Within this range they occur from the Pacific coast (sea-level) to the Patagonian steppe, and the tree-line. The northern part of the range in Chile has a Mediterranean-type climate with hot dry summers where Austrocedrus chilensis is the only conifer but most of the range is in Valdivian rainforest, North Patagonian rainforest or Magellanic rainforest, depending on the latitude. Small extensions of these rainforests occur in adjacent parts of Argentina. The region contains only nine conifer species, two of which are endemic to Chile. Of the nine species, six are globally threatened with the remainder (Podocarpus nubigenus, Lepidothamnus fonkii and Saxegothaea conspicua) being nationally threatened either in Argentina or Chile. Threats in the region include fire, forest conversion to commercial plantations, flooding due to hydroelectric schemes and grazing.

Taxa in the category - Agriculture and Forestry:

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Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu

Endemic to eastern China in Zhejiang Province where only a handful of mature individuals survive Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. forrestii

A mid to high altitude fir that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. smithii ViguiƩ & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. pinsapo

One of two varieties of the Spanish fir restricted to three areas of southern Spain where in the last 45 years large areas of  forest have been lost mainly as a result of fire. Read full species entry >

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Abies ziyuanensis L.K. Fu & S.L. Mo

Endemic to south-east China where the present-day threats are landslides and overgrazing by sheep and cattle. Read full species entry >

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Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub.

Restricted to just two mountains in Sabah and Sarawak where there is some evidence of logging and forest clearance Read full species entry >

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