Agriculture and Forestry

The Southeastern Brazil Threatened Conifer Region includes the Atlantic forest area on the eastern seaboard and the subtropical forests of southeastern Brazil and adjoining Argentina and Paraguay. The once vast area of Atlantic forest has now been reduced by over 85% and today the region is home to 133 million people that equates to 70% of the country’s population and includes the sprawling cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. Even as a result of this dramatic loss it remains one of the most diverse forests in the world. This Region contains only four conifers -   Podocarpus lambertii is Near Threatened while P. sellowii (with its two varieties) and P. transiens are listed as Endangered as a result of deforestation, urbanisation, fire and grazing. The most notable conifer in the Region is Araucaria angustifolia, which has its main distribution is southeastern Brazil with remnant stands in neighbouring parts of Argentina and Paraguay. Of all the conifers in the Region this species has suffered the greatest loss of 97% over a period of100 years. Most of the loss of this important timber species is due to massive exploitation since the beginning of the 20th century.

Taxa in the category - Agriculture and Forestry:

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Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu

Endemic to eastern China in Zhejiang Province where only a handful of mature individuals survive Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. forrestii

A mid to high altitude fir that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. smithii ViguiƩ & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. pinsapo

One of two varieties of the Spanish fir restricted to three areas of southern Spain where in the last 45 years large areas of  forest have been lost mainly as a result of fire. Read full species entry >

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Abies ziyuanensis L.K. Fu & S.L. Mo

Endemic to south-east China where the present-day threats are landslides and overgrazing by sheep and cattle. Read full species entry >

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Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub.

Restricted to just two mountains in Sabah and Sarawak where there is some evidence of logging and forest clearance Read full species entry >

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